Relationship between Social Media Use and Sleep Disturbance among Adults in Afghanistan




Mental Health, Social Media, Sleep Disturbance, Afghanistan, Social Media Addiction


This study aimed to investigate the impact of excessive social media use on sleep and mental well-being among adults in Afghanistan. An online survey was conducted across 19 provinces in Afghanistan to assess social media usage and its effects on sleep. 407 Afghan adults Participated in the survey and were asked about their usage patterns, perceived addiction, and impact on their sleep quality and mental well-being. The survey revealed that many Afghan adults exhibited excessive social media usage and showed signs of addiction. ¾ participants reported a strong urge to use social media. Social media usage, particularly before bedtime, significantly affected sleep patterns and mental well-being. 68% of participants identified social media as a problem. A direct correlation was observed between the duration of social media usage and sleep disturbances, with increased usage leading to poor sleep quality and difficulty concentrating on daily activities. This study highlights the need for awareness and interventions to address the harmful effects of excessive social media use on sleep and mental well-being. Mental health professionals, policymakers, and health organizations are urged to collaborate and develop strategies to promote mental well-being and address the issue of excessive social media usage.


Download data is not yet available.


Afghanistan - Media Landscapes. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2023, from

Al-Barashdi, H., Bouazza, A., & Jabur, N. (2015). Smartphone Addiction among University Undergraduates: A Literature Review. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 4(3), 210–225.

Al, M., Moyad, K., Nageeb, S., Ammar, H., Jairoun, A., Al Kazhali, M., Shahwan, M., Hassan, N., & Jairoun, A. A. (2023). Social media use is linked to poor sleep quality: The opportunities and challenges to support evidence-informed policymaking in the UAE. Journal of Public Health, 45(1), 124–133.

Alfano, C. A., Zakem, A. H., Costa, N. M., Taylor, L. K., & Weems, C. F. (2009). Sleep problems and their relation to cognitive factors, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents. Depression and Anxiety, 26(6), 503–512.

Almeida, F., Marques, D. R., & Gomes, A. A. (2023). A preliminary study on the association between social media at night and sleep quality: The relevance of FOMO, cognitive pre-sleep arousal, and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 64(2), 123–132.

Bhattacharya, S., Bashar, M., Srivastava, A., & Singh, A. (2019). NOMOPHOBIA: NO MObile PHone PhoBIA. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 8(4), 1297.

Boyd, D. M., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210–230.

Bruni, O., Sette, S., Fontanesi, L., Baiocco, R., Laghi, F., & Baumgartner, E. (2015). Technology Use and Sleep Quality in Preadolescence and Adolescence. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM : Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 11(12), 1433.

Cain, N., & Gradisar, M. (2010). Electronic media use and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents: A review. Sleep Medicine, 11(8), 735–742.

Digital 2020: Global Digital Overview- DataReportal – Global Digital Insights. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2023, from

Facebook aware of Instagram’s harmful effect on teenage girls, leak reveals | Instagram | The Guardian. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2023, from

Fredriksen, K., Rhodes, J., Reddy, R., & Way, N. (2004). Sleepless in Chicago: tracking the effects of adolescent sleep loss during the middle school years. Child Development, 75(1), 84–95.

Garett, R., Liu, S., & Young, S. D. (2016). The relationship between social media use and sleep quality among undergraduate students. Information, Communication & Society, 21(2), 163–173.

Glazzard, J., & Stones, S. (2020). Social Media and Young People’s Mental Health. Selected Topics in Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

Gruber, R., Michaelsen, S., Bergmame, L., Frenette, S., Bruni, O., Fontil, L., & Carrier, J. (2012). Short sleep duration is associated with teacher-reported inattention and cognitive problems in healthy school-aged children. Nature and Science of Sleep, 4, 33.

Gupta, K. K., Attri, J. P., Singh, A., Kaur, H., & Kaur, G. (2016). Basic concepts for sample size calculation: Critical step for any clinical trials! Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, 10(3), 328.

Haand, R., & Shuwang, Z. (2020). The relationship between social media addiction and depression: a quantitative study among university students in Khost, Afghanistan. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), 780–786.

Hou, Y., Xiong, D., Jiang, T., Song, L., & Wang, Q. (2019). Social media addiction: Its impact, mediation, and intervention. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 13(1).

Kim, K., Ryu, E., Chon, M. Y., Yeun, E. J., Choi, S. Y., Seo, J. S., & Nam, B. W. (2006). Internet addiction in Korean adolescents and its relation to depression and suicidal ideation: a questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43(2), 185–192.

Levenson, J. C., Shensa, A., Sidani, J. E., Colditz, J. B., & Primack, B. A. (2016). The Association between Social Media Use and Sleep Disturbance among Young Adults. Preventive Medicine, 85, 36.

Lin, K. Y., & Lu, H. P. (2011). Why people use social networking sites: An empirical study integrating network externalities and motivation theory. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(3), 1152–1161.

Loft, M., & Cameron, L. (2014). The importance of sleep: Relationships between sleep quality and work demands, the prioritization of sleep and pre-sleep arousal in day-time employees. Work and Stress, 28(3), 289–304.

Pea, R., Nass, C., Meheula, L., Rance, M., Kumar, A., Bamford, H., Nass, M., Simha, A., Stillerman, B., Yang, S., & Zhou, M. (2012). Media use, face-to-face communication, media multitasking, and social well-being among 8- to 12-year-old girls. Developmental Psychology, 48(2), 327–336.

Perry Dr., G. S., Patil, S. P., & Presley-Cantrell, L. R. (2013). Raising awareness of sleep as a healthy behavior. Preventing Chronic Disease, 10(8).

Pirdehghan, A., Khezmeh, E., & Panahi, S. (2021). Social Media Use and Sleep Disturbance among Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry, 16(2), 137.

Savci, M., & Aysan, F. (2016). Educational Process: International Journal Relationship between Impulsivity, Social Media Usage and Loneliness. Educational Process: International Journal, 5(2), 106–115.

Savci, M., & Aysan, F. (2017). Social-emotional model of internet addiction. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 27(4), 349–358.

Scott, H., & Woods, H. C. (2018). Fear of missing out and sleep: Cognitive behavioural factors in adolescents’ nighttime social media use. Journal of Adolescence, 68, 61–65.

Seabrook, E. M., Kern, M. L., & Rickard, N. S. (2016). Social networking sites, depression, and anxiety: A systematic review. In JMIR Mental Health (Vol. 3, Issue 4). JMIR Publications Inc.

Selfhout, M. H. W., Branje, S. J. T., Delsing, M., ter Bogt, T. F. M., & Meeus, W. H. J. (2009). Different types of Internet use, depression, and social anxiety: the role of perceived friendship quality. Journal of Adolescence, 32(4), 819–833.

Shaw, L. H., & Gant, L. M. (2002). In defense of the internet: The relationship between internet communication and depression, loneliness, self-esteem, and perceived social support. Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 5(2), 157–171.

Sikder, N., & Rhein-Waal, H. (n.d.). An Overview of the Book “Why We Sleep” by Matthew Walker.

Sleep and Chronic Disease | CDC. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2023, from

Social Media Addiction: Recognize the Signs. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2023, from

Social Media Statistics & Facts | Statista. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2023, from

Social media: worldwide penetration rate 2023 | Statista. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2023, from

Stickley, A., Leinsalu, M., DeVylder, J. E., Inoue, Y., & Koyanagi, A. (2019). Sleep problems and depression among 237 023 community-dwelling adults in 46 low- and middle-income countries. Scientific Reports, 9(1).

van den Eijnden, R. J. J. M., Geurts, S. M., Ter Bogt, T. F. M., van der Rijst, V. G., & Koning, I. M. (2021). Social Media Use and Adolescents’ Sleep: A Longitudinal Study on the Protective Role of Parental Rules Regarding Internet Use before Sleep. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(3), 1–13.

Wolfson, A. R., & Carskadon, M. A. (1998). Sleep Schedules and Daytime Functioning in Adolescents. Child Development, 69(4), 875–887.

Worley, S. L. (2018). The Extraordinary Importance of Sleep: The Detrimental Effects of Inadequate Sleep on Health and Public Safety Drive an Explosion of Sleep Research. Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 43(12), 758. /pmc/articles/PMC6281147/




How to Cite

Khpalwak, A. T., & Hamidi, M. S. (2024). Relationship between Social Media Use and Sleep Disturbance among Adults in Afghanistan. American Journal of Medical Science and Innovation, 3(1), 27–34.