Overcoming the Challenges of Prolonged Ventilation and Critical Illness Polyneuropathy in Severe ARDS Patients Due to Extensive Viral Pneumonia: A Case Report


  • Mohamed Elsamman Ahmed Burjeel Farha Hospital Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates




Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP), Oxygen Therapy, Critical Illness Polyneuropathy (CIP), Muscle Relaxant, Nebulization


ARDS is a life-threatening condition requiring intensive care unit monitoring. We present a 46-year-old male patient with ARDS and its complications, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and critcal illness polyneuropathy after extensive bilateral viral pneumonia. The objective of this case report is to understand better and manage the complications of ARDS. This study addresses ARDS and its complications, providing a comprehensive clinical understanding. It details a 46-year-old male patient’s case, treatment strategies, complications, weaning processes, and rehabilitation and emphasises the importance of physical therapy. This case report discusses the successful management and weaning of a patient with extensive viral pneumonia complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), impending organ dysfunction, and critical illness polyneuropathy. The patient had a medical history of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Initial treatment involved oxygen therapy, nebulization, and empirical antiviral for seasonal flu. However, the patient required invasive ventilation with sedation and muscle relaxants following the ARDSNET protocol due to worsening respiratory status and extensive lung infiltrates. Secondary bacterial infections were also identified and treated accordingly. The weaning process was initiated but was complicated by re-intubation and the development of critical illness polyneuropathy. After successful weaning and recovery from ARDS and associated lung infections, physical therapy was provided for polyneuropathy regularly to overcome the manifest weakness all over the body muscles, including respiratory muscle weakness. The case report highlights the successful management of a patient with viral pneumonia, ARDS, and critical illness polyneuropathy, highlighting the importance of comprehensive treatment and physical therapy.


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How to Cite

Ahmed, M. E. (2023). Overcoming the Challenges of Prolonged Ventilation and Critical Illness Polyneuropathy in Severe ARDS Patients Due to Extensive Viral Pneumonia: A Case Report. American Journal of Medical Science and Innovation, 2(2), 192–201. https://doi.org/10.54536/ajmsi.v2i2.2141