The Intersection in Marxist New International Politics and Derrida’s Philosophy: A Meta-Analytics Inquiry of Its Impacts on Western Macro-Economy


  • Essien Oku Essien Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA



Derrida, Marx, Capitalism, International Politics, West


The current economic structure in the West is presented in this study as the product of a meeting of Marxist and Derridean ideas. In the light of this intersection and their variance, this study aims to contrast the economic views of Marx and Derrida with those of mainstream capitalism, to assess Derrida’s philosophical grounds for doubting the stability of Western economic structures, to understand the implications of adopting the Marxist perspective in the Western economic system, to examine how Marxist New International Politics and Derrida’s philosophy intersect, and what it means for international trade relations and global economic control. The study’s discourse was informed by the principles of Neoclassical economics to accomplish these objectives. The research used a systematic review process, with the PRISMA criteria utilized to guide the selection and screening of articles, hence, N = 482, n = 32. While 34% of the screened publications were found in Google Scholar (GS), the years 2015, 2019, and 2022 accounted for 57% of the cited papers. The research also used thematic analysis, delving deeply into four themes: Marx’s criticism of capitalism, Derrida’s deconstruction of capitalism, power and hegemonic dynamics, globalization and neoliberalism. The study findings show that Marx’s ideal economic system is one in which production choices are made by centralized authorities rather than the exploitative capitalist market. While Derrida agrees with the Marxist negative perspectives of capitalism, thus establishing an intersection, he argues that the transition from a capitalist system to an alternative society may cause considerable economic problems, thus advocating for improvements and not a switch. The study contends that the synthesis of the capitalist system’s positive and negative qualities has had a significant impact on the argument between Marxist and Derridean scholars and this link has established a framework for more research in economics.


Download data is not yet available.


Akhter, J., & Achakzai, N. (2023). Jacques Derrida’s Marxism: An Althusserian analysis. Journal of European Studies, 39(2), 91.

Balibar, É. (2016). Critique in the 21st century: political economy still, and religion again. Radical Philosophy, 200, 11-21.

Bost, M. (2022). Marx: Towards the centre of Possibility/Black marxism: The making of the black radical Tradition/Marx in motion: A new materialist Marxism/Transgender marxism. The Comparatist, 46, 268-286.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Buts, J. (2019). Political concepts and prefiguration: A corpus-assisted enquiry into democracy, politics, and community (Order No. 27814595). Available from ProQuest One Academic; Worldwide Political Science Abstracts. (2408283176).

Callinicos, A., Kouvelakis, S., & Pradella, L. (Eds.). (2020). Routledge handbook of Marxism and post-Marxism. Routledge.

Cassatella, A. (2015). Jacques derrida and the theologico-political complex (Order No. 3746218). Available from ProQuest One Academic; Worldwide Political Science Abstracts. (1756277645).

Cleland, J. A. (2017). The qualitative orientation in medical education research. Korean journal of medical education, 29(2), 61.

Colander, D. (2000). The death of neoclassical economics. Journal of the history of Economic Thought, 22(2), 127-143.

Dabnichi, Y., & Abderrahim, F. (2023). FDI, Technology Transfer and Economic Growth, What’s the connection? The case of Morocco. American Journal of Applied Statistics and Economics, 3(1), 33–43

Dellaria, S. A. (2023). The housing of politics in racial capitalist Britain: Merseyside, the Runcorn new town, and the Southgate estate, 1955–1992 (Order No. 30246026). Available from ProQuest One Academic. (2827197705).

Dickinson, C. (2015). Slavoj Zizek on Jacques Derrida, or on Derrida’s search for a middle ground between Marx and Benjamin, and his finding Zizek instead. Philosophy Today, 59(2), 291-304.

Edwards, Z. (2021). Racial capitalism and COVID-19. Monthly Review, 72(10), 21-32.

Gustafson, R. (2022). Institutions in deconstruction: A new reading of Jacques Derrida’s social and political philosophy (Order No. 29167822). Available from ProQuest One Academic. (2715447066).

Henry, J. F. (2012). The Making of Neoclassical Economics (Routledge Revivals). Routledge.

Hirst, A., Houseman, T., Duque-Estrada, P., Edkins, J., & Mendes, C. (2019). Disobeying Marx, disobeying Derrida-hopes & risks: A forum on Jacques Derrida’s specters of Marx after 25 years, part II. Contexto Internacional, 41(3), 643-662.

Hoffmann, F., Lee, D. S., & Lemieux, T. (2020). Growing income inequality in the United States and other advanced economies. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 34(4), 52-78.

Honig, B., Gordon, P. E., & de Vries, H. (2016). The weight of all flesh: On the subject-matter of political economy. Oxford University Press.

Huke, N., Clua-Losada, M., & Bailey, D. J. (2015). Disrupting the European crisis: A critical political economy of contestation, subversion, and escape. New Political Economy, 20(5), 725-751.

Jackson, L., & Peters, M. A. (2021). Introduction: Marxism, neoliberalism and beyond in educational philosophy and theory. In Marxism, Neoliberalism, and Intelligent Capitalism (pp. 1-13). Routledge.

Kennedy, K., M. Obeiter & N. Kaufman. (2015). “Putting a Price on Carbon: A Handbook for U.S. Policymakers.” Working Paper. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.

Kronick, J. G. (2016). The Passages of Jacques Derrida: Between Philosophy and Biography [Review of Derrida: A Biography; The Young Derrida and French Philosophy, 1945–1968, by Benoît Peeters, Andrew Brown, & Edward Baring]. South Atlantic Review, 81(2), 210–231.

Lawson, T. (2013). What is this ‘school ‘called neoclassical economics? Cambridge Journal of Economics, 37(5), 947-983.

Lewis, H. (2022). The Politics of Everybody: Feminism, Queer Theory, and Marxism at the Intersection: A Revised Edition. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & PRISMA Group. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7), e1000097.

Montgomerie, J. (Ed.). (2017). Critical methods in political and cultural economy. Routledge.

O’Regan, J. P. (2021). Global English and political economy. Routledge.

Olssen, M., & Peters, M. A. (2015). Marx, education, and the possibilities of a fairer world: Reviving radical political economy through Foucault. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, 14, 39.

OXFAM (2023). Richest 1% bag nearly twice as much wealth as the rest of the world put together over the past two years. Retrieved November 19, 2023, from

Peet, R., & Thrift, N. (2023). Political economy and human geography. In New Models in Geography-Vol 2 (pp. 3-29). Routledge.

Peters, M. A. (2014). Eurocentrism and the critique of “Universal World History”: The eastern origins of western civilization. Geopolitics, History, and International Relations, 6(1), 63-77.

Peters, M. A. (2022). Poststructuralism and the post-marxist critique of knowledge capitalism: A personal account. Review of Contemporary Philosophy, 21, 21-37.

Peters, M. A., Neilson, D., & Jackson, L. (2022). Post-marxism, humanism and (post) structuralism: Educational philosophy and theory. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 54(14), 2331-2340.

Pradella, L. (2014). Globalization and the critique of political economy: New insights from Marxʼs writings. Routledge.

Raza, S., Munir, S., & Azam, K. (2022). Does Purchasing Power Parity Hold Between Asian Economies Before and After the Financial Crisis? Evidence from the Time-Series Model. American Journal of Economics and Business Innovation, 1(3), 1–7

Ryan, M. (2019). Marxism and deconstruction: A critical articulation. JHU Press.

Sim, S. (2019). Spectres of post-Marxism? Reassessing key post-Marxist texts. Global Discourse, 9(2), 417-432.

Stengel, F. A., & Nabers, D. (2019). Symposium: The Contribution of Laclau’s Discourse Theory to International Relations and International Political Economy Introduction. New Political Science, 41(2), 248-262.

Swanson, J. G. (2022). Subjects of money: Political practices of self-making in capitalist modernity (Order No. 29999022). Available from ProQuest One Academic. (2772965091).

Webber, M. (2017). International political economy. A Companion to Economic Geography, 499-518.

West, C. (2014). The new cultural politics of difference. In The identity in question (pp. 147-171). Routledge.

Yalvaç, F. (2015). Critical Theory: International Relations’ Engagement With the Frankfurt School and Marxism. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies.

Young, K. E. (2015). Beastly politics: Derrida, animals, and the political economy of meat.

Zehfuss, M., Vázquez-Arroyo, A., Y., Bulley, D., & Sokhi-Bulley, B. (2019). The political import of deconstruction-Derrida’s limits? A forum on Jacques Derrida’s specters of Marx after 25 years, part I. Contexto Internacional, 41(3), 621-642.




How to Cite

Essien, E. O. (2024). The Intersection in Marxist New International Politics and Derrida’s Philosophy: A Meta-Analytics Inquiry of Its Impacts on Western Macro-Economy. American Journal of Economics and Business Innovation, 3(1), 56–65.