Climate Change Implication on Palestine: A Case Study Jenin Governorate
Climate change negatively affects sustainable development in Palestine, especially Jenin Gover-norate, which is the food basket for Palestine. This study identified climate change variables in Jenin Governorate for more than 100 years, especially temperatures and precipitation, derived from historical data to study the manifestations of climate change and its impact on water re-sources and the agricultural sector. The impact of climate change on groundwater wells is an un-derstatement. The majority of Jenin’s water wells, which number about 66 (including 22 agricul-tural wells), are located in the northeastern basin. By analyzing the data for the average annual total recharge of this basin, it was evident that the recharge had decreased from about 151 million cubic meters/year from 1976-1992 to about 134 million cubic meters/year during 1993-2009. (about 11.3%). This is because of the general solid decrease in rainfall in the Jenin area due to the effects of climate change. The decrease in recharge, coupled with increased groundwater pump-ing, has drained the reservoir stock and deteriorated the groundwater quality. The other source of water in Jenin Governorate is springs. Jenin Governorate has 42 streams largely used for small-scale agricultural and household needs. The research showed that the discharge of the springs increases from 2014 to 2020 (average discharge 0.48 MCM/yr.) compared to the period 2001 to 2011 (average discharge 0.48 MCM/yr.). years) due to the increase in the amounts of discharge from the springs and the start of relying on them more, as Jenin governorate is facing water scarcity recently. In the future, climate change will considerably impact water resources, altering surface and underground water supplies for residential and commercial purposes, irriga-tion, in-stream ecosystems, and aquatic leisure.
Ana, I., Raoudha, M., Marta, M. and Sonia, Q. (2010). Towards adaptation of agriculture to climate change in the Mediterranean. Springer (Suppl 1), S159–S166.
Dai, A., and Trenberth, K. E. (2004). The diurnal cycle and its depiction in the Community Climate System Model. J Clim, 17, 930–951.
Dai, A., Trenberth, KE. and Qian, T. (2004). A global dataset of Palmer drought severity index for 1870–2002: relationship with soil moisture and effects of surface warming. J Hydrometeorology, 5,1117–1130.
Guttman, J. and Tzukerman, H. (1995). Yarkon Taninim – Be’er Sheva Basin. Establishment and calibra-tion of a water-flow and solute-transport model. Report of Tahal, 01/95/72, Tel Aviv, 32.
Gu., G., Adler, RF., Huffman, GJ. and Curtis, S. (2007). Tropical rainfall variability on interannu-al-to-interdecadal/longer-time scales derived from the GPCP monthly product. J Clim, 20, 4033–4046.
Isaac, J. et al. (1995). Water Supply and Demand in Palestine: 1990 Baseline Estimates and Projections for 2000, 2010, and 2020, Up-dated Version, Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem and Harvard Institute for International Development for Harvard Middle East Water Project.
Isaac, J. et al. (1995). What is the Worth of Water, Applied Research Institute- Jerusalem (ARIJ) and McMater University
Jenin’s Industrial and Agricultural Commerce Office. Jenin Agricultural Department (1994). Agricultural Statistical Records for the Jenin District, Jenin.
Knowles, N., Dettinger, M. and Cayan, D. (2006). Trends in snowfall versus rainfall for the eastern United States. J Clim, 19, 4545–4559.
Lobell, D. B., Burke, M. B., Tebaldi, C., Mastrandrea M. D., Falcon, W. D. and Naylor, R. L. (2008). Prioritiz-ing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030. Science, 319(5863), 607–610.
Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Extension Strategy 2014-2018, 2014. www.chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://ershad.moa.pna.ps/uploads/file/Extension%20Strategy/Extension%20Strategy%202016-2019.
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) (2019). About Water Wells Statistics. Ramallah: Palestini-an Central Bureau of Statistic
The Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (2014). The Yearbook of Arab Agricultural Statistics, 34.
Trenberth KE, Fasullo J (2007). Water and energy budgets of hurricanes and implications for climate change. J Geophysics Res, 112, D23107. https//doi.org/10.1029/2006JD008304.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Eyad Yaqoub Yaqob
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.