Publication Ethics

The Editorial Board aims to shape the scientific journal environment, such as ethical publishing practices, inform those involved in the editorial process, and foster informed decision-making by editors, so the integrity of our publications is upheld. If we are made aware of any allegation of research misconduct the publisher or editor shall have the right to deal with the allegations appropriately. As a journal, we are responsible for ensuring that all published works adhere to the highest standards of ethical conduct. To that end, we have established the following ethical guidelines for authors, editors, and reviewers:

  • Authors must ensure their work is original and contains no plagiarized material.
  • Authors must accurately represent their research findings without fabricating or falsifying data.
  • Authors must properly cite any sources used in their work.
  • Editors must ensure that all submitted works are evaluated fairly and objectively.
  • Editors must not use their position to influence the outcome of a submission.
  • Reviewers must provide unbiased and constructive feedback on submitted works.
  • Reviewers must not use their position to gain access to confidential information.
  • All parties must maintain the confidentiality of the review process.
  • All parties must adhere to the principles of academic integrity.
  • All parties must act in accordance with the journal's policies and procedures.

By adhering to these ethical guidelines, we can ensure that all published works meet the highest standards of quality and integrity.

Human and Animal-Related Studies

Participant Rights and Informed Consent

  • Researchers must obtain informed consent from human participants before involving them in studies. This includes providing clear information about the study purpose, procedures, risks, benefits, and their right to withdraw at any time.
  • The author should ensure that research involving human participants adheres to ethical standards and guidelines set forth by relevant institutional review boards (IRBs) or ethics committees. Authors should provide documentation of approval from these boards or committees when submitting their manuscripts.
  • Authors should take measures to protect the privacy and confidentiality of human participants. Identifying information should be anonymized or kept confidential unless explicit consent has been obtained for its disclosure.
  • The author should state that informed consent was obtained from human participants. Additionally, any potential harm to participants should be minimized.

Animal Welfare and Handling

  • For studies involving animals, researchers must adhere to ethical guidelines for animal care and use.
  • The “3Rs” principle (Replacement, Reduction, Refinement) guides ethical animal research. Researchers should aim to replace animals with alternative methods, reduce the number of animals used, and refine procedures to minimize suffering.
  • The author should provide details on animal welfare, including housing conditions, enrichment, and veterinary care.
  • Research involving animals should adhere to ethical standards outlined in relevant guidelines (e.g., ARRIVE guidelines for reporting animal research). Journals should require authors to provide details about the care and treatment of animals involved in their studies, including housing conditions, handling procedures, and steps taken to minimize discomfort and suffering.

Best Practices for Handling and Training Animals in Zoos and Aquariums

  • Zoos and aquariums play a vital role in conservation and education. Ethical handling and training of animals in these settings are essential.
  • Evidence-based approaches, positive reinforcement training, and ongoing well-being assessments should be part of animal care programs.