Establishing a Covid-19 Defensible Space According to Urban Fabric Using Analytical Hierarchy Processes (AHP): Case Study in Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur


  • Ramzi Qwasmi Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Alias bin Abdullah Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Norzailawati Mohd Noor Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design International Islamic University Malaysia
  • Zainora bt. Asmawi Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design International Islamic University Malaysia



Geographic Information System (GIS), COVID-19,, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Urban Fabric


Since the start of 2020, people all around the globe have been subject to life-limiting limitations duw to Covid-19 that is unprecedented. The world’s population has been dealing with previously unheard-of restrictions on their way of life since the start of 2020. The proper urban planning is essential because it relates to land management to create a healthy environment free from epidemics. It analyses the planning effectiveness on space as defended space using GIS tools. This research has used five criteria such as walkability, sidewalk comfortability (obstacles on the sidewalk), sidewalk safety (sidewalk width and covid-19 area rate), building design, and open space. This study concentrated on the Bukit Bintang neighborhood. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, a new zone with fortified boundaries was established to offer open space. Finally, the study’s goals and objectives have been achieved using AHP method. Additionally, several suggestions were made for future action so that the Bukit Bintang region’s red zone area design is being enhanced to minimize or lessen the effects of catastrophic epidemics, just like the case with the Corona outbreak.


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How to Cite

Ramzi, Q., Alias, bin A. ., Norzailawati, M. N., & Zainora , bt A. (2022). Establishing a Covid-19 Defensible Space According to Urban Fabric Using Analytical Hierarchy Processes (AHP): Case Study in Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur. American Journal of Agricultural Science, Engineering, and Technology, 6(3), 62–72.