Profitability of Cattle Fattening Enterprise in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria


  • S. A. Jibrin Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Borno State University, Njimtilo, Nigeria
  • I. M. Ali Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
  • Baba B A Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Lake Chad Research Institute, Maiduguri, Nigeria
  • T. M. Oladele Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Lake Chad Research Institute, Maiduguri, Nigeria



Profitability, Gross Margin, Stochastic Profit Function, Cattle Fattening, Nigeria


The study determined the profitability of cattle fattening in Maiduguri. Data were collected from a random sample of 300 fatteners using well-structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using gross margin analysis and stochastic profit production function. Analysis of cost and returns revealed a mean gross margin per cattle of N46, 581.63 with cost of feed accounting for more than 83.9% of the average total variable cost per cattle. This suggests that cattle fattening is highly a profitable venture and that cost of feed is the most dominant variable cost of cattle fattening. All factors used in determining the impact of variable costs on profitability were found to be negative and significant except farm size which is positive. Thus, increase in farm size will lead to increase in profit all things being equal. The lack of incentives, ineffective extension services and poor credit facilities were major constraints identified for cattle fattening enterprise.


Download data is not yet available.


Aydin E., Mehmet S., Kadir Ö., Yüksel A., and Yılmaz A. (2017). Cost-benefit analysis of different fattening systems with Tuj and Hemşin lambs in controlled conditions. Ankara University Vet Fak Journal, 64, 223-228.

Dolewikou, R. L., Sumekar W., and Setiadi A. (2016). The Profitability Analysis of Dairy Cattle Business on the Group of Dairy Farmers in West Ungaran District Semarang Regency. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 41(4), 216-223.

Jibrin, S. A.; Amaza, P. S. and Ali, E. A. (2008). Determinant of Beef Cattle Fattening in Maiduguri, Borno State of Nigeria. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 1(2), 91-95

Malole J. L., Kadigi R. J. M., and Sangeda A.Z. (2014). Costs and Benefits of Beef Cattle Fattening Schemes in some Selected Areas of North West Tanzania. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 4(4), 699-706.

Mohammed, D., Mohammed, A. and Dahiru, A. B. (2015). Determinants of Profitability of Cattle Fattening Scheme in Song Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Economics, Environment and Social Sciences, 1(1), 155-162.

Ruban, S. Yu. , V. O. Danshin, A. A. Kyrii, T. V. Litvinenko (2020). Efficiency of Reproduction of Dairy Cattle With Application of Different Biotechnological Methods. Animal Science and Food Technology,11.

Sarma P. K., Raha S. K., and Jørgensen H. (2014). An economic analysis of beef cattle fattening in selected areas of Pabna and Sirajgonj Districts. Journal of Bangladesh Agricultural University, 12(1), 127–134.

Syrůček J., Jindřich K., Luděk B., Mojmír V., and Luděk S. (2017). Economic Efficiency of Bull Fattening Operations in the Czech Republic. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 65(2), 527-536.

Umar, A. S. S., J. F. Alamu and O. B. Adeniji. (2008). Economic Analysis of Small Scale Cow Fattening Enterprise in Bama Local Government Area of Borno State, Nigeria. Production Agriculture and Technology, 4(1), 1-10.

Utami H. D., Yakin A., and Seruni A.P. (2018). Determinants Affecting on Smallholder Madura Cattle Farming at Pamekasan Regency, East Java, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 119.

Yıldirim İbrahim, Kenan Çiftçi&MelikeCeylan. (2009). Comparison of Profitability of Cross and Native Breed Cattle Fattening Farms in Turkey. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 35(1), 17-20.

Zalkuwi J., Asabe I., and Hyelkaya P. (2014). Cost and return of sheep fattening in Gombi Local Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(5), 1-4.




How to Cite

Jibrin, S. A., Ali, I. M., B A, B., & Oladele, T. M. (2023). Profitability of Cattle Fattening Enterprise in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. American Journal of Agricultural Science, Engineering, and Technology, 7(2), 60–63.