Geochemical and Petrological Survey in Northern Ethiopia Basement Rocks for Investigation of Gold and Base Metal Mineralization in Finarwa Area and Its Surrounding Southeast Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia
Keywords:Gold, Base metal, Slate-phyllite, Meta-Volcanic, Threshold, Geochemical anomaly
The study is accompanied in northern Ethiopian basement rocks, Finarwa area and its surrounding areas, south eastern Tigray. The objective of the study is to amendment field geology, mineralogy, and geochemical characteristics to deliberate about the gold and base metal mineral potential investigations. From the field observations the geology of the area haven been described and mapped based on mineral composition, texture, structure and colour of both fresh and weather rocks.
The ore mineral under microscope are commonly base metal sulphides pyrrhotite, Chalcopyrite, pentilandite occurring in variable proportions. Galena, chalcopyrite, pyrite and gold mineral are hosted in quartz vein. The base metal sulfides occur as disseminated, vein filling and replacement. Geochemical analyses result from inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) indicates the threshold of geochemical anomalies is directly related to the identification of mineralization information. From samples stream sediment samples and the soil samples indicated that the most promising mineralization occur in the prospect area are gold(Au), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn). This is also supported by the abundance of chalcopyrite and sphalerite in some highly altered samples. The stream sediment geochemical survey data shows relatively higher values for zinc compared to Pb and Cu. The moderate concentration of the base metals in some of the samples indicates availability base metal mineralization in the study area requiring further investigation. In addition the sulphide concentrations in the research area are related to different stages of mineralization and are controlled both by structures and lithology. They are well established in the slate-phyllite and metavolcanics along the shear zones and faults as disseminated and vein filling. The rock and soil geochemistry shows significant concentration of gold with maximum value of 0.33ppm and 0.97 ppm in the south western part of the study area.
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