Assessment of Policy Guidelines, Strategies, and Operational Processes Associated with Plastic Waste Management in Ghana
Keywords:Knowledge, Operational Process, Guidelines, Ghana, Strategies, Plastic waste
The study sought to assess to assess the policy guidelines, strategies, and operational processes associated with plastic waste management in Ghana. A descriptive cross-sectional study design that employed both quantitative and qualitative procedures was used. The data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Descriptive analysis was performed on the structured questionnaire whereas thematic analysis was conducted on data from the interview guided. The results revealed that there are guidelines, strategies, and operational processes for plastic waste management in greater Kumasi and there exist different activities of stakeholders (Recycling companies, KMA and Waste collectors) in plastic waste management in Kumasi. The extent of compliance with plastic waste management guidelines (National Plastic Waste Management Policy) is dependent on the different stakeholders. Plastic recycling companies are in the infant stage with their activities being centered on six processes with pelletizing plastics for export been their major activities whereas waste collectors are solely responsible for collection, transportation and final disposal of plastic waste from different places to either dump sites or plastic recycling companies. KMA and other government institutions involved in waste management must take steps by supervising the day-to-day activities of plastic recycling companies and waste collectors to regulate the activities of companies within the plastic recycling industry.
Agamuthu, P., Khidzir, K. M. and Hamid. F. S. (2009). Drivers of sustainable waste management in Asia. Waste Manag Res 27(7), 625-33. https://doi.org/ 10.1177/0734242X09103191.
American Chemistry Society (2015). How Plastics Are Made. American Chemistry Council. Retrieved on 20th December 2021 from http://plastics.americanchemistry.com/Education-Resources/Plastics-101/HowPlasticsAre-Made.html
Anwer, M & Faizan, M. (2020).Solid Waste Management in India Under COVID19 Pandemic: Challenges and Solutions. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, 9(06).Retrieved from https://www.ijert.org/solid-wastemanagement-in-india-under-covid19-pandemic-challenges-andsolutions
Arnaud, F. (2019), Field Actions Science Reports, Special Issue 19 | 2019, Reinventing Plastics [Online], Online since 01 March 2019, connection on 03 February 2020. URL: http://ournals.openedition.org/factsreports/4993
Asase, M., Yanful, E.K., Mensah, M., Stanford, J. and Amponsah, S. (2009). Comparison of municipal solid waste management systems in Canada and Ghana: A case study of the cities of London, Ontario, and Kumasi, Ghana. Waste Management 29(10), 2779-2786.
Baud, I., Johan, P. & Furedy, C. (2004). Solid Waste Management and Recycling: Actors, Partnerships and Policies in Hyderabad India. USA. Kluwer Academic Publisher.
BBC (2014). Plastics. BBC. Retrieved on 16th January 2022 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/design/graphics/materialsandcompo nentsrev3.shtml.
D’Ambrières W. (2019). Plastics recycling worldwide: current overview and desirable changes. Facts Reports Special Issue 19: Reinventing Plastics. Retrieved on 19 May 2022 from https://journals.openedition.org/factsreports/5102
Dias, S.M. (2016). Waste pickers and cities. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). 28(2), 375–390. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956247816657302
EUR-LEX. (2018). A European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy. Retrieved on 18 May 2022 from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2018%3A28%3AFIN
Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) (2014). Population and housing census. Accra. Sakoa Press Limited.
Halden R.U. (2010). Plastics and Health Risks. Annu Rev Public Health, 31, 179–194.
Ibrahim, Wael M., Asad F. H. and Yahia A. A. (2016). Biosorption of toxic heavy metals from aqueous solution by Ulva lactuca activated carbon.” Egyptian journal of basic and applied sciences, 3(3), 241-249.
McDougall, F. R., White, Peter R. Franke, Marina, Hindle, P. (2008). Integrate Solid Waste Management: A life cycle inventory. Chichester:Wiley.
Ministry of Environment Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI). (2020). National Plastics Management Policy. https://www.mesti.gov.gh/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Revised.
Owusu-Sekyere, E., Osumanu, I.K. and Yaro, J.A.D. (2013). Landfill in the Kumasi Metropolitan Area of Ghana. International Journal of Current Research, 2, 87-96.
Ramachandra, T. V. & Bachamanda, S. (2007). Environmental Audit of Municipal Solid Waste Management. International Journal of Environmental Technology and management, 74(7), 369-391.
Zhu, D, Asnani, P. U. and Zurbrugg, C. (2007). Improving municipal solid waste management in India: A source book for policy makers and practitioners. Herndon: World Bank Publication.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Rama Osei-Bonsu, Derick Kwabena Mintah, Joseph Appiah, Loretta Obeng Mensah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.