A Quantitative Assessment of The Perception and The Roles of Traditional Birth Attendants on Maternal Health Care among Women of Reproductive Age in Ifedore Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria


  • Ogunmakinwa Florence Iyabo Department of Public Health City University, Cambodia




Birth Attendants, Health Care, Maternal Health, Reproductive Age, Respondents


The fifth development goals (NDGs) aims at improving maternal health with the target of reducing maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by 75% between 1990 and 2015, but much has not been achieved in this area from then to the present time. It is in the light of the above that this study quantitatively assessed the perception and roles of traditional birth attendants (TBAs) on maternal health among women of reproductive age in Ifedore local government area in ondo state. The study relied on the health belief theoretical model to explain the social and psychological health behaviour of women of reproductive age with respect to patronage and knowledge of the TBAs. A descriptive cross –sectional study design was used for the investigation. The sample consists of three hundred and seventy-nine (379) respondents comprising 242 women of reproductive age, 100 traditional birth attendants, 20 medical and paramedical personnel randomly selected from local communities within Ifedore local government using a multistage sampling technique. Data were collected through structured questionnaire and the results were analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings revealed that majority of the respondents have good perception of the roles of the TBAs in that area and that child-bearing women patronized them because they are cheaper than government’s hospitals services and closer to them than government-owned health facilities. The study concluded that the TBAs play vital roles in maternity health care delivery among women of reproductive age in Ifedore local government area. It is,therefore, recommended that the government should as a matter of necessity foster partnership with a view of improving their skills to meet the global best practices. Also, health care services should be made affordable in public health institutions to encourage patronage by the rural and semi-urban dwellers.


Download data is not yet available.


Abiodun, O., Sotunsa, J.,Olu- Abiodun, O., Ani, F., Taiwo, A. and Taiwo, O. (2015).The effect of training and traditional births attendants :PMTCT related knowledge and care practises in Nigeria. Journal of clinical research, 6(9), 498. https://doi.org/10.4172|2155-6113.1000498

Balogun, M. & Odeyemi, K. (2010). Knowledge and practice of prevention of mother –to- child transmission of HIV among traditional births attendants of Lagos State, Nigeria Pan Africa Medical Journal. 5(7). www.acbi.num.nih.gov.

Banda, E. C. (2014). Stakeholders’ perceptions of changing the role of traditional birth attendants in the rural areas of central wets zone, Malawi:amixed method study. Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD). wiredspace.wits.ac.za

Byrne, A. and Morgan, A (2011). How the integration of traditional births attendants with formal health system can increase skill births attendants International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics, 115(2) , 127- 134. https://doi.org/10: 1016|j.ijgo.2011 06.019

Cheelo, C., Zulu. J. M. and Nzala, S. C. (2016). Banning traditional birth attendants form conducting deliveries: experiences and effects of the ban in a rural district of Kazungula In Zambia.Journal summaries in internal medicine 16,323. www. Ndlinx.com

Chi, P. C and Urdal, H. (2018). The evolving role of traditional births attendantsin maternal health in post conflict Africa a qualitative study of Burundi andnorthern Uganda. SAGE open medicine, 19(6), 2050312117753631. https://doi.org/10.1177|205031211775363|.

Dorwie, F. M and Pacquicio, D. F.(2014). Practices of traditional birth attendants in sierraleoneand perceptions by mothers and health professionals familiar with their care.J. Transcult nurs. 25.(1), 34-41 https://doi.org/10-1177|1043659613303876

Imoge, A. O., Agwubike, E. O. and Aluko, K.(2022). Assessing the role oftraditional births attendants(TBAs)in health care delivery in Edo state Nigeria. African journal of reproductive health, 6(2), 34-100 https://doi.org/10.2307|3583135

Iwu A. C.,Uwakwe, K., Oluoha, U., Duru, C and Nwaigbo, E. (2021).EmpoweringTraditional births and attendance as agents ofmaternal and neonatal immunization uptake in Nigeria: arepeated measure design. BMD Public Health, 21, 287. https://doi.org/10.10011186|s12889- 02110311.

Jebet J. Gitonga, M., Mutual M. E,Mukuu, J. S., Ndanibuki, J. and Koima J.W(2017).Perception about traditional birth attendants by men and women of reproductive age in rural megor, Kenya. International journal of Africa nursing sciences, 7(02) , 55-61. https://doi.org/10.1016|J.ijons.2017.07.002.

Kabayambi, J. (2013). Revisiting policies on traditional birth attendants. News Vision. www. New vision.com |new vision|news |1319203 |

Kayombo, J. E. (2013). Impact of training of birth attendants on maternal lmortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan African countless, Tanzanian journal of health research, 15(2),1-11. http://dx.org//10.431/thrb.v15i2.7.www.ajol.com.

Mimiko, O. (2012). Maternal health in Nigeria ondo state abiye safe motherhood Model(examine the ondo state abiymodel). https://csis.org/files/attachment/es130116-maternal-health-in-nigeria-allsides-o.pdf

Ofili, A. N. and Okojie, O. H. (2005). Assessment of the role of traditional birth attendant in maternal health care in oredolocal government area Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of community medicine and primary health care, 17(1), 55-60.

Ojwee, D. (2012). Gulu pleads for birth attendants.Newvision.www.newvision.co.ng/new-birth-attendants.1304569/gulu – pleads – for- birth –Attendants. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043659613303876/ Pubmed.ncbi.nim.nih.gov

Ohaya, M. and Murphy – lawless, J. (2017). Unilateral collaboration:The practices and understanding of traditional birth attendant in south eastern Nigeria. Journal of woman birth, (30)(a), 165-171. https://doi.org/10. 1016/j. Womb. (2016)11.004

Oke, R. (2009). Iya –Agbebi traditional birth attendants in Yoruba settingand the issues of HIV and AIDS.Laminarinterdisciplinary research and scholarly Journal, 2(1),135-143. E- Journals .ph.

Oshonwoh, F. E., Nwkanko, G. C. and Ekiyo, C. P. (2014). Traditional birthattendants and woman health practices. A case study of Patani in southern Nigeria. Journal of public healthepidemidogy, 6(8), 252-261. https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE 2013-0634 https: // www. academic journals.org.jphe

Oyeneyin. L., Vanden Akker, T., Durojaye, O., Obaado. O., Akanbiemu, F., Olagbuji, Y., Aledemiyi. I., Oyeneyin. M. and Aledenola, O. (2019).Confidentialenquires into mater death in ondo state, Nigeria –a comparativeanalysis. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 19,514. https://doi.org/10.1186/s/2884-019-5659-y

Oyeniyin. L ., Osunmakinwa, O. and Olugbogi, Y.(2021). Incorporating traditional birth attendants into the mainstream maternal health system in Nigerian- evaluation of the ondo state Agbebiye program. African journal ofreproductive health, 25(4), 82-88.https://doi.org/10.29063/ajrh2021/v25i4.9.www.ayrh.info

Sibley, L. M., Sipe, T. A.and Barry, D. (2012). Traditional birth attendants training for improving health behaviours and pregnancy outcomes. Cochrane Database systemRev.15, 8(8). https://doi.org/10.1002/1465185.cd005460. ncb.n/m.Nih.gov.

World health organisation (2004). Marking pregnancy safer: the criticalrole of the skilled birth attendants. A join statement by WHO,ICM andFIGO. https://WHOicbdoc.Who.Int//publications/2004/9241591692

World health organisation. (2019). Skilled attendants at birth globalhealth. Observatory (GHO) data.http:www.who.int/gho/maternal-health/skilled-care/skilled-birth –attendants–tests /en




How to Cite

Florence Iyabo, O. (2023). A Quantitative Assessment of The Perception and The Roles of Traditional Birth Attendants on Maternal Health Care among Women of Reproductive Age in Ifedore Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria. American Journal of Physical Education and Health Science, 1(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.54536/ajpehs.v1i2.1823