Development and Performance Evaluation of a Tractor-Drawn Multi-Crop Planter
Keywords:Capacity, Efficiency, Multi-Crop, Planter
The study was undertaken development and performance of the planter capable of planting maize, common bean and sorghum seeds at predetermined spacing and depths. Physical properties of seeds involved in the study were investigated to optimize the design of the planter’s components. The planter, consists of a frame, seed hopper, seed metering devices, seed tube, adjustable furrow opener, adjustable furrow covering device, and drive wheels. The investigation revealed that the sphericity of maize, common bean and sorghum were 64.8, 72.4 and 81%, respectively. Percentages of mechanically seed damaged by the planter were zero for all crops. Germination test was conducted to assess the magnitude and extent of invisible seed damage inflicted by the planter indicated mean percentage seed germination of 98.5, 94.5 and 97.3% for maize, common bean, and sorghum, respectively. The reduction in percentage germination of maize, common bean and sorghum were zero, when compared with that did not passes through the machine for all the seeds tested. Based on the above results, it is concluded that the planter can be efficiently and effectively used by the majority of the farmers and other stakeholders in the study area.
Chhinnan, M. S. Young, J. H. and Rohrbach, R.P. 1975. Accuracy of seed spacing in peanut planting. Transactions of the ASAE, 18(1), 828-831.
El-Raie, A.E., Hendawy, N.A. and Taib, A.Z. (1996). Study of physical and engineering properties for some agricultural products. Misr. Journal of Agricultural Engineering 13(1), 211-226.
FAO. (1994). Testing and evaluation of agricultural machinery and equipment: Principles and practices.
Jayan, P. R. and Kumar, V. J. F. (2004). Planter design in relation to the physical properties of seeds. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 42, 69-71.
Jouki, M. and Khazaei, N. (2012). Some physical properties of rice seed (Oryza sativa). Research journal of applied sciences, engineering and technology, 4(13), 1846-1849.
Kachman, S. D. & Smith, J. A., (1995). Alternative measures of accuracy in plant spacing for planters using single seed metering. Transaction of the ASAE, 38(2), 379–387.
Karayel, D. (2009). Performance of a modified precision vacuum seeder for no-till sowing of maize and soybean. Soil & Tillage Research, 104, 121–125
Karayel, D. and Ozmerzi, A., (2002). Effect of tillage methods on sowing uniformity of maize. Canadian Biosystems Engineering, 44(2), 23-26.
Karayel, D., Wiesehoff, M., Ozmerzi, A. and Muller, J. (2005). Laboratory measurement of seed drill seed spacing and velocity of fall of seeds using high-speed camera systems. Computer and Electronics in Agriculture, 50(2), 89–96.
Kepner, R. A., Bainer, R., Barger, E. L. (1978). Principles of Farm Machinery, 3rd edition. Inc. AVI Publishing Company, Westport, USA.
Khurmi, R. S. and Gupta, J. K. (2005). A Textbook of Machine Design. Eurasia Publishing House (Pvt.) Ltd., Ram Nagar, New Delhi, India.
Kipchumba M. A. (2015). Design, Operation and calibration of a standard seed drill. Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. Agricultural machinery conference 75 paper.
Kumar, A., S. C. Moses, and K. Khan. (2015). A survey on the design, fabrication and utilization of different types of foods and vegetables dryer. IOSR Journal of Agricultural and Veterinary Science I, 8(4), 2319–2372
Rangapara, D. & Jaimin, P. (2014). Performance Evaluation of Manually Operated Single Row Cotton Planter. International Journal of Engineering Sciences and Research Technology, 3(9) 40-44.
Soyoye, B. O., O. C. Ademosun, and E. O. Olu-Ojo. (2016). Manually operated vertical seed-plate maize planter. CIGR Journal, 18(4), 70-80.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Bedasa Waldaho, Adesoji M. Olaniyan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.