Relationship between the Injury Location and Swallowing Difficulty among Stroke Patients, A Retrospective Cohort Study

Authors

  • Rawan Azzam Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • Dina Emam Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • Mamoun Nor Eldein Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • Olfa Al-Mannai Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54536/ajmsi.v3i2.3074

Keywords:

Stroke, Post-Stroke Dysphagia, Swallowing, Speech Therapy, Video Fluoroscopy

Abstract

Post-stroke dysphagia (PSD), a neurological or mechanical disorder that hinders food transport from the oral cavity to the stomach. It has been widely associated with severe complications with higher mortality and morbidity rates. Traditional therapies for the treatment of dysphagia mainly focused on compensatory methods and behavioural rehabilitation approaches. The retrospective cohort study aimed to determine the association and correlation between developments of dysphagia in relation to the location of the stroke and to identify the swallowing recovery period following the stroke. A retrospective cohort study investigated swallowing difficulties in 64 stroke patients at an ambulatory care centre over a year. Data collection involved reviewing medical records and imaging reports, with analyses conducted using SPSS software, ANOVA and chi-square methods to assess associations between injury location and swallowing difficulty. Hemorrhagic stroke was more prevalent (65.6%) than ischemic stroke (34.4%). A significant association was found between gender and stroke type, with males exhibiting a higher prevalence of ischemic strokes (71.4%) compared to females (29.8%). Age differences between stroke types, gender and affected swallowing phases and stroke type and affected swallowing phase revealed no significant associations. Distinct differences were noted in swallowing difficulties across stroke types. Furthermore, recovery time varied depending on the intervention method, with speech therapy linked to shorter recovery periods. The study underscores the importance of considering gender and stroke-type-specific differences in stroke prevalence, age distribution, and swallowing difficulties. These findings contribute valuable insights to understanding stroke characteristics and their implications for clinical management and rehabilitation strategies.

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Published

2024-07-03

How to Cite

Azzam, R., Emam, D., Eldein, M. N., & Al-Mannai, O. (2024). Relationship between the Injury Location and Swallowing Difficulty among Stroke Patients, A Retrospective Cohort Study. American Journal of Medical Science and Innovation, 3(2), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.54536/ajmsi.v3i2.3074