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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Article not published or submitted elsewhere.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • There is no conflict of interest.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 10-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the main text, not at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

A few prerequisites for publishing in AJBB

  • Submitted manuscripts should not have been previously published or be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  • Conference papers may only be submitted if they have been completely rewritten (scroll down for more details) and the author has obtained any necessary permissions with the copyright owner if previously copyrighted.
  • Briefs and research notes are not published in this journal.
  • All authors must declare they have read and agreed to the content of the submitted manuscript. A full statement of our Publication Ethics is available.
  • This journal publishes Open Access (OA) articles with an APC (Article Processing Charge), allowing the authors to keep the copyright of the published articles.

Organization of Manuscript

The manuscript should contain the items mentioned hereunder.

Title, List of authors together with affiliations

  1. Abstract and Keywords
  2. Introduction
  3. Literature Review
  4. Materials & Methods
  5. Results & Discussion
  6. Conclusion
  7. Acknowledgements (optional)
  8. References
  9. Annexures (optional)


All manuscripts must be written in English. The text and English language in new and revised articles must be checked, edited and corrected by the authors, preferably with the help of a native English speaker or professional proofreader.

Length of Manuscript

An original manuscript should consist of 5000-8000 words (excluding figures, tables and references), although high-quality articles which exceed 8000 words will be considered. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.

Submissions should be formatted in single spacing, Times New Roman size 10 font, A4 paper with normal margins (Top 1", Bottom 1", Left 1" and Right 1"). All accepted articles will be correctly formatted for publication.

Title Page

The title page is a separate page before the text. It should include the following information:


The title should be concise and informative. Abbreviations and formulae should be avoided where possible (Title of the Paper should be 12 points, Bold).

Author's Names and Affiliations

Indicate the initials and then the last name. Present the authors' affiliation name and addresses (where the actual work was done) in the footnote. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and the e-mail address of the corresponding author.

Corresponding Author

Indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication, and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.


A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 250 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should be avoided in the abstract.


Immediately after the abstract, a maximum of 5 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of') should be provided. Keywords should be presented. The keywords should be arranged in alphabetical order.


This section should be concise, with no subheadings, and provide a background to the research problem, present the research problem with sufficient justification and objective/s.

Literature Review

This section should provide a sufficient evaluation of theoretical/empirical literature to identify knowledge gaps.

Materials and Methods

This section should contain adequate and detailed information about all the procedures and steps that are followed.

Results and Discussion

This section should be described on the results and outputs of the research work.


This should clearly explain the important conclusions of the work highlighting its significance, relevance and values. 

Table and Figures

Please note that the article will be published in black and white. Present tables and figures within the article, not at the end of the article. Tables should be editable and numbered consecutively using Arabic numbering (Table 1, Table 2, etc.) and must have corresponding references in the main text. Tables should also have appropriate and concise headings. All figures and illustrations, as in the case of tables, should be numbered consecutively as Figure (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) with corresponding references in the main text. Figures should also have appropriate and concise headings. 


If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.

Reference: Authors are requested to follow APA format of referencing.

  • Important: Please carefully check any specific referencing requirements.
  • Begin your reference list on a new page and title it References.
  • Single-space your reference list and have a hanging indent
    • Left align the first line of each reference with subsequent lines indented to the right to width by 5 -7 spaces or 1.25 cm.
  • All of the references in the reference list must also be cited in the text.
  • All references cited in text must also be included in the reference list (unpublished items, such as personal correspondence, are an exception).
  • List the references in alphabetical order by author surname/family name according to the first listed author. (Note: the order of the authors on a document is important do not rearrange them)
  • Where there are two articles with the same authors and date, order the references alphabetically by article title and add a letter suffix to the year of publication (e.g. 2003a, 2003b...).
  • Provide organisation names in full, unless they are obviously recognisable as abbreviations (e.g. APA for American Psychological Association).
  • Do not add full stops to URLs (e.g.
  • In an article, chapter or book title capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if any, and any proper nouns. (Note: book titles should be italicised)
  • In a periodical, journal, or serial title, give the title in full, in upper and lower case letters. The title should be italicised (e.g. Harvard Business Review)
  • APA requires use of an en dash between pagination numbers. An en dash is longer and thinner than a hyphen. Type in an en dash, or if an en dash is unavailable on the keyboard, use a single hyphen. In either case there is no space before or after. We recommend consulting your faculty staff to determine their requirements.
  • Check the reference details against the actual source - you are indicating that you have read that source when you cite it.
  • Be consistent with your referencing style across the document.

List references in alphabetical order. Each listed reference should be cited in text, and each text citation should be listed in the References section.

Examples of basic reference formats:

  • Journal Article:
    Hughes, G., Desantis, A., & Waszak, F. (2013). Mechanisms of intentional binding and sensory attenuation: The role of temporal prediction, temporal control, identity prediction, and motor prediction. Psychological Bulletin, 139,133-151.
  • Authored Book:
    Rogers, T. T., & McClelland, J. L. (2004). Semantic cognition: A parallel distributed processing approach.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Chapter in an Edited Book:
    Gill, M. J., & Sypher, B. D. (2009). Workplace incivility and organizational trust. In P. Lutgen-Sandvik & B. D. Sypher (Eds.), Destructive organizational communication: Processes, consequences, and constructive ways of organizing(pp. 53-73). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.

Template (Word) for AJBB is available here, should you wish to use one. 

Make a new submission to the Research Articles section.

Research Articles

The journal emphasized research, development and application within the fields of agricultural engineering, science and technology. The journal publishes articles include those containing substantial supported theories, innovative works, substantial experimental results and/or containing useful and constructive discussions standardized to regional or international acceptance.

Review Article

The Editors of Journal encourage the publication of scholarly review articles in the Journal.  

Make a new submission to the Review Article section.

Conference Papers

If your article is based on a conference paper, you must observe the following:
Conference papers are not accepted.

Authors can submit an article based on a conference paper, so long as it has been substantially revised, expanded and rewritten so that it is significantly different from the conference paper or presentation on which it is based. The article must be sufficiently different to make it a new, original work. As a guideline, the rewritten article can have a similarity index with the original conference paper of no more than 50%.
These articles will be treated like any other article submitted to AJBB and will go through the plagiarism checker and also undergo a double-blind peer-review process, all using Journal's online submission system.

The author should supply the original conference paper with the expanded article for the purpose of comparison. Please include the statement 'This article is a revised and expanded version of a paper entitled [title] presented at [name, location and date of conference]' in the online system when you submit your paper, using the "Notes for the Editor" field.

Suppose the original conference paper on which the extended paper is based has been published elsewhere, or the copyright has been assigned to the conference organisers or another party. In that case, authors should ensure that they have cleared any necessary permissions with the copyright owners. Articles will not be accepted nor reviewed for publication unless written permission and author copyright forms have been provided.

Short Communication

Short communications are short articles (mini original articles) that present original and important preliminary findings that do not warrant publication as a full-length article but are still worthy of publication. The main text should be sub-divided into background, methods, results, and discussion, but should be written as concisely as possible.

Make a new submission to the Short Communication section.

Scientific Reports

Make a new submission to the Scientific Reports section.

Research Articles

It aims to promote the integration of bioscience, biochemistry, and bioinformatics. The focus is to publish papers on state-of-the-art bioscience, biochemistry and bioinformatics. Submitted papers will be reviewed by technical committees of the Journal and association.

Privacy Statement

This journal does not collect information from non-registered users. The data collected from registered users of this journal falls within the scope of the standard functioning of blind peer-reviewed journals. It includes information that makes communication possible for the editorial process; it enables collecting aggregated data on submissions and publications, as well as tracking geopolitical and social elements of scholarly communication. This journals editorial team uses this data to guide its work in publishing and improving the journals. The data will not be sold by this journal or PKP nor will it be used for purposes other than those stated here.

The authors published in the E-Palli journals are responsible for the human subject data that figures in the research reported here. Those involved in editing journals seek to be compliant with industry standards for data privacy, including the European Unions General Data Protection Regulation ( GDPR ) provision for data subject rights that include (a) breach notification; (b) right of access; (c) the right to be forgotten; (d) data portability; and (e) privacy by design. The GDPR also allows for the recognition of the public interest in the availability of the data, which has a particular saliency for those involved in maintaining, with the greatest integrity possible, the public record of scholarly publishing.

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.